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(May 6, 2022) This week, 80 years ago, the first naval battle exclusively between aircraft carriers occurred in the Coral Sea. The Coral Sea is a large expanse of ocean northeast of Australia.

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(April 29, 2022) This week, 80 years ago, the Imperial Japanese Army captured the Burmese city of Mandalay and the town of Lashio, the jumping off point for the Burma Road to China.

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(April 22, 2022) This week, 80 years ago, Lt. Gen. Jonathan M. Wainwright IV surrendered the island of Corregidor in Manila Bay, and all Allied forces in the Philippines. The island is about 2.21 square miles and is about 30 miles from Manila.

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(April 15, 2022) As we approach mid-April 2022, there is only one combined U.S. Navy and American Army Air Corps exploit that even now elicits such great respect and gratefulness on both sides of the Pacific. That is the famous Doolittle Raid of April 18, 1942.

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(April 8, 2022) This week, 80 years ago, Maj. Gen. Edward P. King Jr. surrendered a combined force of 75,000 starving American and Filipino soldiers that were defending the Bataan Peninsula, on Luzon Island, in the Philippines.

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(April 1, 2022) This week, 80 years ago, German submarine U-552, commanded by Kapitain-Lieutenant Erich Topp, sank the SS David H. Atwater off the coast of Assateague, Virginia. The U-552 was 17 months old, and based in St. Nazaire, France. Its captain had already received the Knight’s Cross.

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(March 25, 2022) This week, 80 years ago, saw the Red Army’s most intensive efforts to reduce the “Demyansk Pocket.” The “Demyansk Pocket” came about as a result of the Red Army’s Winter Offensive, which began on Dec. 6, 1941. After the Soviets had driven Armeegruppe Center, commanded by Fie…

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(March 18, 2022) This week 80 years ago, Congress enacted legislation that made, " . . . it a misdemeanor knowingly to disregard restrictions made applicable by a military commander to persons in a military area prescribed by him as such, all as authorized by an Executive Order of the Presid…

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(March 11, 2022) This week, 80 years ago, American General, and Philippine Field Marshal Douglas MacArthur left the Philippines, and his troops, with his wife, son, son’s nanny, and staff on a PT boat, which took them to an American airbase on the island of Mindanao, from whence they were fl…

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(March 4, 20222) This week, 80 years ago, the Burmese capital of Rangoon (now Yangon) was captured by the Japanese Fifteenth Army, commanded by Shōjirō Iida, after the British had evacuated. At the time, its population was 500,000. Today, it is 10 times that!

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(Feb. 25, 2022) Six different battles make up what is called the “Java Sea Campaign.” They include (1) Macassar Strait, also known as Balikpapan, on Jan. 23-24, (2) Madoera Strait on Feb. 4, (3) Banka Island on Feb. 13-14, (4) Badoeng Strait on Feb. 20, (5) Java Sea on Feb. 27, and (6) Sunda…

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(Feb. 18, 2022) Annually, millions of air travelers pass through Chicago’s O’Hare International Airport. Doubtless, few are aware of the origin of the name of the facility that is helping speed them to their destinations. Fewer still are aware of the role of one Alphonse Capone in its name.

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(Feb. 11, 2022) A huge German warship steaming up the English Channel under the very nose of the world’s most powerful navy? Absurd! In broad daylight? Impossible! Three huge German warships? Unbelievable? Believe it, because it happened this week, 80 years ago! And the British knew it was coming!

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(Feb. 4, 2022) This week, 80 years ago, soldiers of the Twenty-Fifth Imperial Japanese Army under the command of Tomyuki Yamashita (“the Tiger of Malaya”) landed on the North Shore of the island city of Singapore. A week later “the Gibralter of the East” surrendered.

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(Jan. 28, 2022) This week, eighty years ago, the Soviet high command — Stavka — created the Crimean Front, with Dimitry Kozlov as its commander, for the defense of the Black Sea Port of Kerch on the Crimean Peninsula. A “front” is roughly equal to an army group. At 2,600 years of age, Kerch …

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(Jan. 21, 2022) This week, 80 years ago, Eighth Army’s new commander, Niel Ritchie, was in Palestine conferring with his boss, Gen. Claude Auchinleck (“The Auk”), commander of Commonwealth forces in the Middle East and Africa, about Eighth Army’s next offensive. While they were conferring, G…

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(Jan. 14, 2022) This week, 80 years ago, the Director of the Reich Main Security Office, S.S. Obergruppenführer (senior group leader, equal to a 3-star general in U.S. Army) Reinhard Heydrich, chaired a conference in a luxurious villa in the Berlin suburb of Wannsee.

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(Jan, 7, 2022) This week, 80 years ago, the Imperial Japanese Army, under the command of Gen. Korechika Anami, made its third attempt to capture the 2,000-year-old Chinese City of Changsha, which is the capital of Hunan Province.

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(Dec. 31, 2021) This week, 80 years ago, American and Filipino soldiers, under the command of American General and Philippine Field Marshal Douglas MacArthur, retreated into the Bataan Peninsula, on Luzon Island, while Manila was occupied by Japanese troops.

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(Dec. 24, 2021) This week, 80 years ago, Sir Mark Aitchison Young, Governor of Hong Kong, surrendered the Crown Colony to the Imperial Japanese Army.

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(Dec. 17, 2021) Eighty years ago this week, the Red Army was driving the Wehrmacht from the gates of Moscow. Begun on Dec. 5, 1941, this Soviet counteroffensive came as a complete surprise to the Germans. A German intelligence report, from Dec. 4, stated that, “... at present the enemy in fr…

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(Dec. 10, 2021) Today, 80 ago, the Royal Navy suffered its worst naval defeat in World War II, when Japanese aircraft flying from Saigon, Indochina, attacked Force Z in the South China Sea, off the Malayan coast.

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(Dec. 3, 2021) On Monday, Dec. 8, 1941, at 12:30 p.m., President Franklin Delano Roosevelt addressed a joint session of both Houses of the United States Congress. The address was carried to every radio in the country.

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(Nov. 26, 2021) This week, 80 years ago, the Thirty-Seventh Soviet Army, commanded by Major Gen. Anton Lopatin, was driving the elite SS Liebstandarte Adolf Hitler Panzerdivision, commanded by Joseph “Sepp” Dietrich, from the city of Rostov on Don, which Dietrich’s Panzerdivision had capture…

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(Nov. 19, 2021) Today, 80 years ago, the 22nd Brigade, commanded by Brig. Gen. John Scott-Cockburn, launched its attack against the Axis position at Bir el Gubi, in Libya.

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(Nov. 12, 2021) This week, 80 eighty years ago, the Wehrmacht’s Armeegruppe Center renewed its assault on the Soviet capital. After the stunning successes of the summer and early fall, the Axis leadership thought that the Red Army must surely be on the verge of collapse and that one more goo…

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(Oct. 29, 2021) Songster Woody Guthrie asked if, 80 years ago, this week, you had, “... heard of a ship called the Good Reuben James? Manned by hard-fighting men, both of honor and fame.

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(Oct. 22, 2021) This week, 80 years ago, the Red Army was counter-attacking the German forces that were attempting to capture the Soviet city of Tula.

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(Oct. 15, 2021) This week, 80 years ago, the German Wehrmacht was fast approaching the gates of Moscow. Soviet leader Josef Stalin had to decide if he should evacuate the city with his government, or stand firm to rally the defenders of Moscow.

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(Oct. 1, 2021) This week, 80 years ago, the Imperial Japanese Army, under the command of Gen. Yasuji Okamura made its second attempt to capture the 2,000-year-old Chinese City of Changsha, which is the capital of Hunan Province.

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(Sept. 17, 2021) This week, 80 years ago, a titanic struggle was taking place in the Atlantic Ocean. This campaign became known as the “Battle of the Atlantic.”

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(Sept. 10, 2021) This week, 80 years ago, the 900-day Siege of Leningrad was entering its second week. It was not actually 900 days, but more like 873, or maybe 880. To those who endured it — and survived — undoubtedly it seemed like an eternity. So many people died, especially during the fi…

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(Aug. 27, 2021) This week, 80 years ago, the Finns recaptured the 900-year-old city of Vyborg. Prior to the Winter War, between Finland and the USSR., during the winter of 1939-40, it had been the second largest city in Finland, with a population of 80,000, and known as Viipuri.

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(Aug. 20, 2021) This week, 80 eighty years ago, the Imperial State of Iran was, preemptively, invaded from three directions. The Red Army came from the north, while forces of the United Kingdom struck from the south and west.

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(Aug. 6, 2021) This week, 80 years ago, the President of the United States, Franklin D. Roosevelt, was on a fishing trip in the waters off of Cape Cod. At least that is what he told the First Lady, before he left the White House on Aug. 3. Then the president smiled, and Eleanor knew there wa…

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(July 30, 2021) This week, 80 years ago, the Siege of Odessa began as elements of the Romanian Fourth Army, commanded by Lt. Gen. Nicolae Ciupercă, arrived outside Odessa.

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(July 23, 2021) Today, 80 years ago, the Germans finally captured Maj. Pyotr Mikhaylovich Gavrilov of the Red Army during the fight for the Brest fortress. Maj. Gavrilov was an officer in the 44th Motor Rifle Regiment, one of the units tasked with defending Brest. This was the second time in…

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(July 16, 2021) This week, 80 years ago, the 29th Motorized Infantry Division, commanded by Walter von Boltenstern, from Gen. Heinz Guderian’s Second Panzergruppe, entered the 1,000-year-old city of Smolensk, and captured it after three days of house-to-house fighting. The Soviets did not co…

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(July 2, 2021) This week, 80 years ago, Hungarian and Finnish soldiers joined German, Slovakian and Romanian soldiers in their assault on the Soviet Union. Finland had a score to settle with the USSR. and Hungary owed a debt to the German Reich.

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(June 25, 2021) This week, 80 years ago, Minsk, the capital of Belarus, fell to the onrushing German Wehrmacht. When hostilities opened, Minsk had a population of 300,000. By the time the Red Army liberated the city in 1944, its population had shrunk to 50,000. Today it has a population of m…

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(June 18, 2021) This week, 80 years ago, German dictator Adolf Hitler declared, “When Barbarossa is launched, the whole world will hold its breath.” On the morning of June 22, 1941, exactly one year after the French armistice, more than 150 divisions with 3.2 million men, 500,000 horses, 3,5…